THE SEVEN HEAVENS IN THE TALMUD: "Sing to God, make music to to His Name; extol He Who rides upon the highest heavens בָּעֲרָבוֹת (the 7th Heaven)
ARAVOTH, With His Name Yah, and exult before Him" (Psalms 68:8). He rides and directs the heavens as the rider on His steed. ”YAH” denotes Him as the Creator and Sustainer of the Universe (Radak).
”The Hebrew says that ARAPHEL (the opaque darkness) is the name of the firmament into which Moses went, for the Jews speak of seven firmaments, which they also call heavens. This is a
reference to the ancient tradition that Moses went up to Sinai, to the throne of God in the highest heaven, which the rabbis of the Talmudic era called more accurately, but still relatedly ARABOT. Moses ascended, in short, to the throne of the Divine glory,
to the light of the Shekinah” (Presence of God) – John of Scythopolis.
PEOPLE STOOD FROM AFAR and Moses approached the thick cloud (opaque darkness, thick darkness) הָעֲרָפֶל ARAPHEL where God was” (Exodus 20:17). As it is said, ”So you approached and stood at the
foot of the mountain, and the mountain was burning with fire up to the heart of the heaven, darkness, cloud, and thick cloud עֲרָפֶל ARAPHEL ” (Deut. 4:11). Hashem said to Moses, “Behold!
I come to you in the thickness of the cloud, so that the people will hear as I speak to you, and they will also believe in you forever” (Exod. 19:9).
”YOU HAVE SEEN THAT I HAVE SPOKEN TO YOU FROM HEAVEN” (Exodus 20:19). God spoke to Moses from the midst of the thick cloud, but the entire nation was able to hear the Divine voice; that
God spoke to it directely, without an intermediary. We are never to seek symbols of the Divine. We pray directely to God – without an intermediary, therefore verse 20 warns us that it is forbidden to make images of the heavenly bodies and angels or forces
that are with God in heaven.
“HASHEM DESCENDED UPON MOUNT SINAI to the top of the mountain; Hashem
summoned Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses ascended. Hashem said to Moses, ”Descend, warn the people, lest they break throuh to Hashem to see, and a multidude of them will fall... Go, descend. Then you shall ascend, and Aaron with you...”
Moses descended to warn the people; God knew that the people might disregard the threat of death in their zeal to come closer
to the source of the Revelation.
If the purpose of life is to elevate oneself to a higher spiritual existence,
then one could be ready to give his live to achieve such a goal. But God does not want this. He wants human beings to remain alive and BRING HOLINESS INTO THEIR EARTHLY EXISTENCE (See Tur, Or HaChaim). Our service to Him must evolve around ways to
elevate earthly matters to do His will.
YOU HAVE BEEN SHOWN IN ORDER TO KNOW that HaShem, He is the God!
There is none beside Him! From heaven He caused YOU to hear His voice IN ORDER TO TEACH (DICIPLINE, INSTRUCT) YOU, and on earth He showed you His great fire, and you heard His words from the midst of the fire,..” (Deut. 4:35-40). His glory was
in heaven, His fire and His power were on the earth.
WHEN GOD REVEALS HIS GLORY PEOPLE ARE OVERAWED
and become frightened: He bent down the lower heavens and the highest heavens and spread them out upon the mountain. So Scripture says: “And He bent the heavens, and He came down, and thick darkness (ARAPHEL)
was under His feet. And He rode on a cherub and did fly; He swooped on the wings of the wind. He made darkness His hiding-place about Him as His booth; the darkness of waters, thick clouds of the skies.
HAILSTONES: From the brightness before Him, His thick cloud passed, hail and coals of fire. The Lord thundered from Heaven; and the Most High gave forth His voice with hail and coals of fire. And
He sent out arrows and He scattered them; He shot lightning and He discomfited (terrified) them” (Psalms 18:10-15, Job 38:22-23, Ezekiel 38:22-23). God intervened
in the course of human affairs (Ralbag).
"For inquire now regarding the early days that preceded you, from the day when God created
man on the earth, and from one end of heaven to the other end of heaven: Has there ever been anything like this great thing or has anything like it been heard?
Has a people ever heard the voice of God speaking from the midst of the fire as you
have heard, and survived?
Or has any god ever miraculously come to take for himself a nation from amidst a nation, with challenges, with signs, and with wonders, and with war, and with a strong hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with greatly
awesome deeds, such as everything that Hashem, your God, did for you in Egypt before your eyes?"
God gave the Ten Commandments, He opened the heavens above and the nether regions below, so that it would be clear to every Jew that there is only one God (Rashi). God allowed you the privilege of experiencing all these wondrous phenomena so that
you would mediate upon them and draw the unshakeable conclusion that only Hashem is God... (Sforno).
"There are seven heavens one above the other: (1) VELON "CURTAIN" (Lat. Velum), which is
rolled up and down to enable the sun to go in and out; according to Isaiah 49:22-23, "It is He Who sits above the circle of the earth, and whose inhabitants are like grasshoppers, who stretches out the heaven like
a curtain כַדֹּק, and He spread them out like a tent to dwell. Who brings princes to nought, judges of the land He made like a thing of nought..."
(2) RAKI'A רקיע the
place where the sun, moon, and stars are fixed (Genesis 1:14-18): Genesis 1:7-8 " And God made the expanse and it separated between the water that was BELOW the expanse and the water that was ABOVE the expanse, and
it was so. And God called לָרָקִיעַ שָׁמָיִם the expanse RAKI'A Heaven SHAMAIM,.."
The Hebrew שָׁמַיִם SHAMAIM is a combination of the words מַיִם שָׂא, MAIM SA ”bear water” (Gen. Rabbah 4:7); שָׁם מַיִם, SHAM MAIM ”there
is water; אֵשׁ וּמַיִם, fire ESH and water. He mingled them with one another and made the heavens from them (Chag. 12a).
In other words. There is water in space! The Midrash – part of the Oral Law, written down about 1500 years ago – comments on the verse from Genesis: ”The
upper waters are more abundant than the lower waters.” The Midrash further tells us that the water in space is frozen.”
Meteorites as the Source of Water on Planet Earth: The damage and effect of the 1908 explosion of the ice meteorite over Tunguska, Siberia, is clearly visible even today.
The Talmud states that water on earth comes from two sources: Genesis 2:6 And
a mist ascended from the earth and watered the entire surface of the ground.” This alludes to the evaporation cycle. The Talmud then list another source: ”Rabbi Yehoshua said: The whole earth drinks from the water above the firmament... as it says:
But the land,.. absorbs water from the rains of heaven,” (Deut. 11:11). The verse does not state that the earth is watered by rain falling from clouds, but that which falls from the heavens above the clouds. In other words, much of our water falls from
a source beyond the earth’s atmosphere.
Until only a few years ago, these statements
of the Sages were a mystery. Now scientists can display photographs of frozen meteors hurling down into our world each day... (The Coming Revolution: Science Discovers the Truths of the Bible By Zamir Cohen).
(3) SHECHAKIM שְׁחָקִים in which are the millstones to grind; SHACHAK manna for the righteous: ”And He had commanded שְׁחָקִים the skies SHECHAKIM from above, and He had opened the portals of heaven שָׁמַיִם.
He had rained upon them manna to eat, and He had given them corn of heaven. Men ate the bread of the mighty (angels); He sent them provisions for satisfaction” (Psalms 78:23-26).
LECHEM MIN HASHAMAIM לֶחֶם מִן הַשָּׁמָיִם Exodus 16:4 ”So the Lord said to Moses, Behold! I am going to rain down for you BREAD FROM HEAVEN, and the people shall go out and gather what is
needed for the day, so that I can test them, whether or not they will follow My teaching (Torah)” (i.e., that they will not leave any of it over, and that they will not go out on the Sabbath to gather the manna). The Hebrew LECHEM is aslo used about FOOD as in this context; the manna was not a grain product as is ordinary bread (Ramban).
MOSES' BLESSING TO ALL OF ISRAEL: ”There is none like God, O Jeshurun; He rides across heaven SHAMAIM to help
you, and in His majesty through the upper heights שְׁחָקִים SHECHAKIM. That is מְעֹנָה MEONAH the ABODE of God immemorial, and below, are the world’s mighty ones; He drove the enemy away
from before you, and He said, 'Destroy!' (the enemies).
Thus Israel shall dwell secure, solitary, in the likeness of Jacob, in a land of
grain and wine; EVEN HIS HEAVENS SHALL DRIP (araph) יַעַרְפוּ טָל WITH DEW (tal). Fortunate
are you, O Israel: Who is like you! O people delivered by Hashem, the Shield of your help, Who is the Sword of your grandeur; your foes will try to deceive you, but you will trample their haughty ones" (Deut 33:26-29, 32:2):
"My lesson לִקְחִי will drip like rain; My word will flow like dew; like storm winds on vegetation
and like raindrops on grass." The Torah (לִקְחִי), which I gave to Israelwhich provides life to the worldand
insures the settlement of the world (Isaiah 58:6-14), is just like this rain, which provides life to the world, [i.e.,] when the heavens drip down dew and rain" (Sifrei 32:2). The verb of לִקְחִי
means to take. This word is used to refer to teaching because the subject matter is meant to be taken by the student from the teacher (Ibn Ezra).
Moses asked that his teaching, the Torah penetrate the nation like life-giving rain and like the dew that is even more welcome than rain,
because it never inconveniences anyone, as rain sometimes does. Storm winds give strength and life to vegetation, and similarly, the struggle to master the Torah makes its students grow (Rashi). Moses wanted his words of Torah to penetrate the nation and make
it fruitful, like rain and dew that are always productive (Ibn Ezra).
learned people who can absorb much knowledge, the Torah's wisdom is like pelting, penetrating rain, and like powerful storm winds; to others who can understand only bits and pieces of its vastness, the Torah is like dew and gentle raindrops, even small amounts
of which do much good (Sforno).
(4) ZEBUL זְבֻל, the upper Jerusalem, with its Temple, in which Solomon and all Israel
offer sacrifices at the altar: 1 Kings 8:10-13 ”And it came to pass, when the priests came out of the holy (place), and THE CLOUD filled the house of the Lord. And the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud; for the glory of the Lord filled the house of the Lord. Then spoke Solomon: The LORD hath said that He would dwell in the thick darkness
(ARAPHEL). I have surely built Thee a house of habitation (בֵּית זְבֻל) BEIT ZEBUL, a place for Thee to dwell in for ever." The Divine Presence (SHECHINAH), as represented by the cloud, rested in the Temple as soon as the Ark was placed there.
WHERE IS THE ARK OF THE COVENANT? (Temple Institute).
The prophet Zechariah 14:4 is alluding to the return of His glory, Presence, Shechinah in the very near
future: ”And on that day His feet shall stand on the Mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem from the east...” See Ezekiel 11:23, 43:2
”Look down from heaven (SHAMAIM), and see, even from Thy holy and glorious HABITATION (ZEBUL); Where
is Thy zeal and Thy mighty acts, the yearning of Thy heart and Thy compassions, now restrained toward me?” (Isaiah 63:15).
(5) MA'ON מְּעוֹן In which dwell the classes of ministering angels who sing by night and are silent by day, for the honor of Israel who serve the Lord in daytime.HASHKIPHA MI-MEON KADOSHECHA MIN-HASHAMAIM; "Gaze הַשְׁקִיפָה down הַשְׁקִיפָה מִמְּעוֹן קָדְשְׁךָ מִן-הַשָּׁמַיִם from Your holy abode from the heavens, and bless Your people Israel, and the ground that You gave us, as You swore to our forefathers, a Land flowing with milk and honey" (Deut. 26:15). Milk, wine
and honey are metaphors for Torah knowledge (Genesis 49:8-12, Isaiah 55).
In the words of Rashi, "We have done what You have decreed upon us, now You do what behooves You," by blessing Israel. This verse is the only exception to the rule that the word הַשְׁקִיפָה HASHKIPHA, gazing, in Scripture denotes careful examination to determine that punishment is appropriate. BUT WHEN JEWS GIVE TO THE (spiritually or materially) POOR, the Attribute of Judgment is transformed
into the Attribute of Mercy (Rashi to Genesis 18.16; when Abraham learns about the destruction of Sodom).
Zechariah 2:17 "Be silent all flesh, before Hashem, for He is aroused מִמְּעוֹן קָדְשׁוֹ from His holy abode (ME'ON KADOSH)!" Be silent, all wicked nations, for Hashem is coming to avenge your oppression of Israel. Hopefully the nations will repent and join in (2:14-16, see Jeremiah 25:8-38):
Nebuchadnezzar was God's servant in the sense that He would carry out God's decree against Israel. Nebuchadnezzar's whirlwind would not only destroy Jerusalem but would throw the entire world of the " Middle East " and beyond into turmoil.
"Father of orphans and Defender of widows is God in the abode (ME'ON) of His holiness" (Psalms 68:6). He became a Father to Israel, who are orphans, as it is said (Lamentations
5:3): “We were orphans without a father,” and Judge of widows: Who performed the judgment of Jerusalem, concerning which it says (Lamentations 1:1): “was like a widow.” The opening verses of Lamentations Ch 1 contrast the lost greatness, power and prestige of Jerusalem with her present abject state of subjection, isolated like a leper, having been betrayed by those she thought were her friends.
Ch. 5 is a prayerful elegy enumerating the painful details of Israel 's terrible suffering at the hands of the nations throughout their
various exiles (ABY).
(6) MACHON מכון in which are the TREASURIES of SNOW and HAIL, THE CHAMBERS of DEW, RAIN, and mist behind doors of fire... 1 Kings 7:27-38 describes the Ten
Stands הַמְּכֹנוֹת for the Ten Lavers, which were the bases (MECHONOS) and lavers from which the priests drew water to ritually wash their hands and feet prior
to Temple service. Hiram, the coppersmith from Tyre, was full of wisdom, insight and knowledge to do all sorts of work with copper, so he came to king Solomon and performed all his work (7:13).
The Laver: "Hashem spoke to Moses, saying: "You shall make a copper Laver and its base of copper, for washing; place it between the Tent of Meeting and the Altar, and put water there. From it,
Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands together with their feet...It shall be for them AN ETERNAL DECREE,..." (Exodus 30:17-21, 38:8). In the Courtyard of the Tabernacle stood a large copper utensil from which the Kohanim were required to wash their hands
and feet before performing the service. The purpose for washing was for sanctity rather than cleanliness.
the coppersmith is compared with Bezalel the builder of the Tabernacle in the Wilderness - a prototype of the Temple in Jerusalem. "He made the Laver of copper and its base of copper, from the mirrors of the legions who massed at the entrance of the
Tent of the Meeting." The Laver was made entirely of copper mirrors. The mirrors used by women in those days were brightly polished sheets of copper. When the call went out for contributions, the women came with their copper mirrors and piled them up at the
Tent of the Meeting, which until the erection of the Tabernacle, was the name given to Moses' tent (33:7).
"Bezalel knew how to combine the
letters with which heaven and earth were created. For it is written (Exodus 31:2-3): "See, I have called by name Bezalel... and I have filled him with the spirit of God (ruach Elohim), in wisdom (chochma), and in understanding (tvunah), and in knowledge
(daat), and in all manner of workmanship,"
And it is written with regard to Creation: "The LORD by wisdom (chochma) founded the earth; by understanding (tvunah) He established the heavens. By His knowledge (daat)
the depths were broken up, and the skies drop down the dew... (Proverbs 3:19-20).
The Talmudic exegesis goes
on to demonstrate Bezalel’s prowess by showing that he possessed a degree of wisdom similar to that with which God created the Universe. There is a powerful lesson here. On one level we are shown that the construction of the Mishkan as an abode for God’s presence and a setting for His service was tantamount to Creation itself.
Since the purpose of the human existence is to make earthly life worthy of God’s presence and to lead all mankind to acknowledge
Him, it stands to reason that the wisdom exercised by God in creating the Universe should – to the extent humanly possible be had by those who build His Tabernacle on earth" (Rabbi Nosson Scherman, Protoplasm of Creation in; The Wisdom
in the Hebrew Alphabet by Rabbi Michael L. Munk).
HASHEM SHALL OPEN UP FOR YOU His (OTZRO) STOREHOUSE of goodness (good TREASURE), the heavens SHAMAIM (אֶת-אוֹצָרוֹ הַטּוֹב אֶת-הַשָּׁמַיִם), to provide rain for your Land in its time, and to bless all your handiwork;..” (Deuteronomy 28:12). Abundant rain can be a curse if it falls only when it is not needed; conversely, even a small amount
of precipitation can be a blessing if it falls when the crops require it...
"Hashem is exalted, for He dwells on high;
He has filled Zion with justice (MISHPAT) and righteousness (TZEDAKAH). The faith of your times will be the strength of your salvations, wisdom (CHOCHMAH) and knowledge (DAAT); FEAR OF HASHEM יִרְאַת יְהוָה (YIRAT) - that is man's TREASURE (אוֹצָרוֹ
OTZRO)" (Isaiah 33:5-6).
"And I will make justice the line, and righteousness the plummet; and THE HAIL (TRUTH, His voice) shall sweep
away the refuge of lies, and THE WATERS (TORAH KNOWLEDGE) shall overflow THE HIDING-PLACE (HEART & MIND)" (Isaiah 28:17, Job 28:20-21, 38:36, Psalm 51:8). See also Psalms
Ch. 18, Isaiah 30:25-33, Joshua 10:11, Ezekiel 13:9-11.
SOMETIMES THE TRUTH CAN HURT, but not knowing the truth, can hurt even more... Do you know the secret of the hailstones?"Hast thou entered the אֹצְרוֹת שָׁלֶג (OTZROT SHALEG) treasuries of the snow (white; purity), or hast thou seen the אוֹצְרוֹת בָּרָד (OTZROT BARAD) treasuries
of the hail (His voice, TRUTH), Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war (of Gog & Magog)?" (Job 38:22-23, Ezekiel 38:22-23, Exodus 9:13-35).
The Seventh Plague in Egypt was also hail, BARAD; hail mixed with fire (Jeremiah 5:14, 23:29). With the hail, the final set of plagues began. Its purpose was to prove that God has no equal
in the entire world. The plague that was about to begin would be the severest of all the plagues, because the hail struck at the food supply, causing hunger.
Isaiah 41:17-20 and Amos 8:11-12 prophesies about a famine in the end of days, when there will be 'not a hunger for bread nor a thirst for water but to hear the word of HaShem.
9:13-18 ”The Lord said to Moses, "Rise early in the morning and stand erect before Pharaoh, and say to him, 'So said the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, "Let My people go so that they may worship Me. Because this
time, I am sending all My plagues into your heart and into your servants and into your people, in order that you know that there is none like Me in the entire earth.
For if now I had stretched forth My hand, and I had smitten you and your people with pestilence, you would have been annihilated from the earth. But, for this [reason] I have allowed you to
stand, in order to show you My strength and in order to declare My name all over the earth. If you still tread upon My people, not letting them out, behold, I am going to rain down at this time tomorrow a very heavy hail, the likes of which has never been
in Egypt from the day of its being founded until now."
The plagues were "sent upon their hearts," i.e., against the hardness
of their hearts, the Evil Inclination (also called the firstborn), which prevented them from repenting and obeying God...
37:1-14 "Hear attentively the noise of His voice, and the sound that goeth out of His mouth. He sendeth it forth under the whole heaven, and His lightning unto the ends of the earth..." "He sendeth out His commandment upon earth; His word runneth
very swiftly... He casteth forth His ice like crumbs; who can stand before His cold? He sendeth forth His word, and melteth them;
He causeth His wind to blow, and the waters flow. He declareth His word unto Jacob, His statutes and His ordinances unto Israel. He hath not dealt so with any nation; and as for His ordinances, they have not known them..." (Psalms
147:15-20, 148:7-14). See Job 36:24-33.
Psalms 135 "Hallelujah. Praise ye the name of the LORD; give praise, O ye servants
of the LORD, Ye that stand in the house of the LORD, in the courts of the house of our God. Praise ye the LORD, for the LORD is good; sing praises unto His name, for it is pleasant. For the LORD hath chosen Jacob unto Himself, and Israel for His own
treasure (SEGULAH)." A segulah is a remedy which can lead to a change in one's fortunes.
For I know that the LORD is great, and that our Lord is above all gods. Whatsoever the LORD pleased, that hath He done, in heaven and in earth, in the seas and in all deeps; Who causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; He
maketh lightnings for the rain; He bringeth forth the wind (RUACH) out of His treasuries (OTZRO)."
ARAVOTH; where justice and righteousness, the treasures of life and of blessing, the souls of the righteous and the dew of resurrection are to be found... Isaiah 26:19 "Thy dead shall live, my (the prophet's) dead bodies shall
arise-" It is as if the prophet puts words into the mouth of HaShem to decree the resurrection of the dead martyrs. "-awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust--for Thy dew is as the dew of light, and the earth shall bring to life the shades
(, i.e., those who slackened their hands from the Torah)." The dew of Your Torah and Your commandments shall be to them dew of light (Rashi).
many of those who sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake…" (Daniel 12:2, Ezekiel 37). This refers to the resurrection of the dead (Rashi) – as well, of course, to the tremendous spiritual awakening and the widespread return to the
Torah that we witness in our time among Israelite souls that in some cases have been buried in exile and cultural alienation for centuries. This itself is the revival of the dead!
There are the ofanim, the seraphim, and the Chayyot of holiness, the ministering angels and the throne of glory; and over them is enthroned the great King...
"Sing to God, make music to to His Name; extol He Who rides upon the highest heavens בָּעֲרָבוֹת
(the 7th Heaven) ARAVOTH, With His Name Yah, and exult before Him" (Psalms 68:8). "For, behold, darkness shall cover the
earth, and gross darkness (ARAPHEL) the peoples; but upon thee the LORD will arise, and His glory shall be seen upon thee. And
nations shall walk at thy light, and kings at the brightness of thy rising" (Isaiah 60:2-3).
"As we contemplate the wanton violence, warfare, terror and crime in the world today together
with the licentious godless cultures that breed them, we may well feel that this verse applies directly to our age. We may take comfort in the fact that we are free to turn off the media and
immerse ourselves in the study of God's Torah (TaNaCh, Mishneh, Talmud, Halachah, Midrash, Kabbalah, Chassidut…
endless treasures), and in this way His light shines to us even in the midst of the surrounding darkness that grips the world" (Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum).
THE THRONE OF GOD: "Moses, Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel ascended.
They saw the God of Israel, and under His feet was the likeness of sapphire brickwork (a paved work of sapphire stone), and it was
like the essence of the heaven in purity" (Exodus 24:9-10).
Ezekiel's vision of the heavenly order
through which God governs the world: Ezekiel 1:22-27 "There was a likeness of an expanse (RAKIA) above the heads of the Chayah (Lit., the living beings, who bore the Heavenly Chariot) like the colour of the awesome ice, spread out
over their heads from above. And beneath the expanse (RAKIA), their wings were even one with the other;.. I heard the sound of their wings, like the sound of great waters, like the sound of Shaddai, as they moved, the sound of a commotion, like the sound of
a camp,.. Above the expanse (RAKIA) that was over their heads was the appearance of sapphire stone in the likeness of a throne, and upon the likeness of the throne there was the likeness like the likeness of a man (ADAM) upon it; from above."
YOU ARE ADAM: Ezekiel 34:31 "But you are My flock, the flock of My pasturing, you are ADAM." "You are called ADAM
but the idol worshipers are not called ADAM" (Yevamos 61a). All true members of Israel are encompassed under the noble form of ADAM. You are not like animals in My eyes.
7:13-14,18,22,27 "I was looking until thrones were set up, and
the Ancient of Days sat; His raiment was as white as snow, and the hair of His head was like clean wool; His throne was sparks of fire, its wheels were a burning fire."
The Ancient of Days, ie., God, will set up two thrones, one of strict justice and the other of mercy (Rashi).
He will judge Edom/Esau, "the divided kingdom" dominated by Esau and Ishmael, represented by Christianity and Islam (Daniel 2:31-35,40-44) the latter day"fourth Kingdom" (Abarbanel) at the "season and time," i.e., when the Messianic Era arrives.
"I saw in the visions of the night, and behold with the clouds of the heaven, one like a man was coming, and he came up to the Ancient of Days and was brought before Him."And He gave him dominion
and glory and a kingdom, and all peoples, nations, and tongues shall serve him; his dominion is an eternal dominion, which will not be removed, and his kingdom is one which will not be destroyed."
And to that man He gave dominion over the nations, for the heathens he likens to beasts, and Israel he likens to a
man because they are humble and innocent (See Genesis 25:23): And the
Lord said to her (Rebekah), "Two nations are in your womb, and two kingdoms will separate from your innards, and one kingdom will become mightier than the other kingdom, and the elder (Esau-Edom) will serve the younger (Yaakov-Israel)..
"And the high holy ones will receive the kingdom, and they will inherit the kingdom forever and to all eternity.
...and the time arrived that the holy ones inherited the kingdom. And
the kingdom and the dominion and the greatness of the kingdoms under all the heavens will be given to the people of the high holy ones; its kingdom is a perpetual kingdom, and all dominions will serve and obey [it]."
30:4-6 "Who ascended to heaven and descended? Moses ascended to heaven to receive the Torah and bring it down to earth for Israel so that they could hear it, understand it and do it.
Who gathered wind in his fists? Moses
controlled the winds (Exodus 10:14-20).
Who wrapped the waters in a garment? Moses restricted the waters of the sea (Exodus 14:14-16,21-22, 15:8).
Who established all the ends of the earth?
Moses erected the Tabernacle, Exodus 40:17-18. And as the Talmud (Megillah 31a) explains: If not for the service of the Tabernacle and Torah - the foundations of heaven and earth would not have been established (Rashi).
What is his name
and what is the name of his son, if you know?
Every word of God is tried; He is a shield unto them that take refuge in Him. Add thou not unto His words, lest He reprove thee, and thou be found a liar."
Psalm 119:29 "Remove
from me the way of falsehood, and favor me with Your Torah."
Moshe even controlled light and darkness (Exodus 10:20-23). Like Job, as a leader and protector of his people, he guided them through the darkness with the light of God's
Torah (Proverbs 6:23, Job 29:2-3).
"For behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and a gross darkness (Heb. ARAPHEL) the kingdoms, and the Lord shall shine upon you, and His glory shall appear
over you. And nations shall go by your light (the Torah) and kings by the brilliance of your shine" (Isaiah 60:1-2). When we study Torah, His light shines to us even in the midst of the surrounding darkness that grips the world.
In every occasion
of darkness and trouble that came to the world, Israel and the Jewish people always had light (Esther 8:16-17, Exodus 10:21-23).
”The Hebrew says that ARAPHEL (the opaque darkness) is the name of the
firmament into which Moses went, for the Jews speak of seven firmaments, which they also call heavens.
This is a reference to the ancient tradition that Moses
went up to Sinai, to the throne of God in the highest heaven, which the rabbis of the Talmudic era called more accurately, but still relatedly ARAVOT. Moses ascended, in short, to the throne of the Divine glory, to the light of the Shekinah” (Presence
of God) – John of Scythopolis.