"...suggest that every Jew act like the sun.
Everyone likes the sun, not because it is so big and hot, but because it shines, projects light, and warms everything around it. This is what a Jew ought to do, according to the mitzva of ahavat Yisrael, loving one's fellow Jew. Who would even talk about the sun if it cared, G-d forbid, about warming only itself?" (Prof. Herman Branover on The Rebbe in - Mind Over Matter - p.lxiii).

"So perish all Thine enemies, O LORD, but they that love Him be as the sun when he goeth forth in his might" (Judges 5:31). "
They looked to Him and they became radiant, and their faces will not be ashamed ” (Psalm 34:6).


"Extend Your kindness to those who know You, jealous and vengeful God. Those who wait for the seventh day to uphold the commands ”Remember” and ”Observe” They rejoice in the full building of Jerusalem, with the light of Your face – You make them radiant. They will be sated from the abundance Of Your House, and drink from Your Edenic stream..." (Kol Mekadesh Shevit).


"Who is like the wise man, and who knows the meaning of a thing? A man's wisdom makes his face shine, and the boldness of his face is changed" (Ecclesiastes 8:1). I.e., from that of other people, to the extent that (Exodus 34:30) they feared to approach Moses because the skin of his face was radiant.

"And it came to pass when Moses descended from Mount Sinai, and the two tablets of the testimony were in Moses' hand when he descended from the mountain and Moses did not know that the skin of his face had become radiant while He had spoken with him that Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses and behold! the skin of his face had become radiant, and they were afraid to come near him.

But Moses called to them, and Aaron and all the princes of the community returned to him, and Moses would speak to them. Afterwards all the children of Israel would draw near, and he would command them everything that the Lord had spoken with him on Mount Sinai. When Moses had finished speaking with them, he placed a covering over his face. When Moses would come before the Lord to speak with Him, he would remove the covering until he left; then he would leave and speak to the children of Israel what he would be commanded.

Then the children of Israel would see Moses' face, that the skin of Moses' face had become radiant, and [then] Moses would replace the covering over his face until he would come [again] to speak with Him" (Exodus 34:30-35).

The apostle Paul went to great lengths in order to undermine the Torah in 2 Corinthians 3:7-16, describing the Glory of the New Covenant, in Christian terms it is speaking about the New Testament: "But if the ministry of death, written and engraved on stones, was glorious, so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the face of Moses because of the glory of his countenance, which glory was passing away, how will the ministry of the Spirit not be more glorious? For if the ministry of condemnation had glory, the ministry of righteousness exceeds much more in glory. For even what was made glorious had no glory in this respect, because of the glory that excels. For if what is passing away was glorious, what remains is much more glorious.

Therefore, since we have such hope, we use great boldness of speech--unlike Moses, who put a veil over his face so that the children of Israel could not look steadily at the end of what was passing away. But their minds were blinded. For until this day the same veil remains unlifted in the reading of the Old Testament, because the veil is taken away in Christ. But even to this day, when Moses is read, a veil lies on their heart. Nevertheless when one turns to the Lord, the veil is taken away." See Isaiah 25:6-9.

"In that He says, "A new covenant," He has made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away. (Hebrews 8:13). In short, the New Testament writer pronounces that the covenant God made with the Jewish people has expired. But that is not exactly what the prophets foretold.

"For lo, the sun comes, glowing like a furnace, and all the audacious sinners and all the perpetrators of wickedness will be stubble. And the sun that comes shall burn them up so that it will leave them neither root nor branch, says the Lord of Hosts. And the sun of mercy shall rise with healing in its wings for you who fear My Name. Then will you go forth and be fat as fatted calves. And you shall crush the wicked, for they will be as ash under the soles of your feet on the day that I will prepare, says the Lord of Hosts" (Malachi 3:19-21).

Isaiah 26:5-6: "For He humbled the inhabitants of the high places, the fortified city (the Vatican, Rome); He brings it low, he brings it low even to the earth, he makes it reach even to the dust. A foot shall trample it (The King Messiah, who is referred to as a poor man riding on a donkey (the Tribes) (Zechariah 9:9, Genesis 49:8-12) , the feet of a poor man, the soles of the impoverished" (that is Israel). "With the feet, they shall be trampled, the crown of the pride of the drunkards of Ephraim" (Isaiah 28:3).

"And the wise (who engaged in the Torah and in the commandments) will shine like the brightness of the sky, and those who bring the multitudes to righteousness (those who teach Torah to little children (Bava Basra 8b). ) like the stars forever and ever" (Daniel 12:3, Isaiah 53:11, Numbers 24:17-20).

"Behold, I have taught you statutes (chukim) and ordinances (mishpatim), even as the LORD my God commanded me, that ye should do so in the midst of the land whither ye go in to possess it. Observe therefore and do them; for this is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples, that, when they hear all these statutes (chukim), shall say: 'Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people " ( Deuteronomy 4:5-6).

"The prophet Isaiah (Chs. 13-14) foretells the rise and fall of this arrogant king who would use his unbridled power to plunder Jerusalem and destroy its Temple but, at the end, would suffer a cataclysmic downfall. In 14:12 Nebuchadnezzar is compared to the planet Venus whose light is still visible in the morning yet vanishes with the rise of the sun. Like the light of Venus, Nebuchadnezzar's reign shone brilliantly for a short time, yet, as the prophets foretold, was eventually overshadowed by the nation of Israel whose light endured and outlived this arrogant nation who tormented and exiled her (Rabbi Tovia Singer).

The nations of the world are compared to the sun, while Israel is compared to the moon. Though Israel is the weakest and numerically smallest of the nations, (Deut. 4:27, 7:7-9), she is destined to rule the world after the dominion of evil will pass, (the Fourth beast, Fourth kingdom of Rome, dominated by Esau, Ishmael, represented by Christianity and Islam. See Daniel 7:9-14,17-27,  2:31-45, Isaiah 25:6-9.

The Midrash (Bereshis Rabbah 6) notes: It is fitting that the great nations should count by the great (the sun) and the small (Israel) should count by the small (the moon). Esau counts by the sun which is prominent, just as the sun rules by day but not by night, so too does Esau have a portion in this world but not in the World to Come (the Jewish concept of Heaven).

Ya’akov counts by the moon which is small, just as the moon rules both day and night, so too does Israel have a portion in this world as well as in the World to Come. For as long as the greater light shines in the world, the lesser light is not seen. But when the greater light sets, the lesser light attains prominence. Similarly, as long as Esav’s light shines, Ya’akov’s light remains invisible. But when Esav’s light sets, then Yaakov's light becomes prominent! "At eventide it shall be light" (Zechariah 14:7, Tzefaniah 2:7).


It is to this that the verses Isaiah 60:1-3 refer: Arise, shine, for your light has come, and the glory of the Lord has shone upon you. For behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and a gross darkness the kingdoms, and the Lord shall shine upon you, and His glory shall appear over you. And nations shall go by your light (the Torah, Proverbs 6:23) and kings by the brilliance of your shine." Here, Isaiah addresses Jerusalem, assuring her that the redemption is at hand, and that never again will she be deprived by her children.

Isaiah 26:7 "The way of the righteous that is straight-O Upright One,the path of the righteous, You shall weigh." The righteous man is Jacob and his descendants. "But the way of the righteous is like the light of dawn; it shines ever brighter until the day is perfect" (Prov. 4:18).

"The God of Israel said, concerning me (David) spoke the Rock of Israel; 'A ruler over men shall be the righteous (man), he that rules in the fear of God." (Israel is called "man" Ez. 34:3). "And as the light of the morning (when) the sun shines; a morning without clouds, more than the light that follows the rain that falls upon the grass of the earth" (II Samuel 23:3-4). And He assured me that my greatness would increase constantly like the light of the morning that grows ever brighter (Rashi).

The Kingdom of the House of David is also likened to the sun (Psalm 89:37-38): "His seed will be forever and his throne is like the sun before Me. Like the moon, which is established forever, and it is a witness in the sky, eternally true." The moon and the sun are witnesses to him that as long as they exist, his kingdom will exist, as it is written (Jer. 33:20-22.):"So said the Lord: If you break My covenant with the day and My covenant with the night, and not to have day and night in their time. Also My covenant with David shall be broken, that he should not have a son reigning on his throne, and with the Levitic priests, My ministers. Just as the host of heaven cannot be counted nor can the sand of the sea be measured, so will I increase the seed of My servant David and the Levites who minister to Me." God made a covenant with Noah and his sons Genesis 8:22: "So long as the earth exists, seedtime and harvest, cold and heat, summer and winter, and day and night shall not cease."

Jeremiah 31:30-31 "Behold, days are coming, says the Lord, and I will form a covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah, a new covenant. Not like the covenant that I formed with their forefathers on the day I took them by the hand to take them out of the land of Egypt, that they broke My covenant, although I was a lord (ba'altee) over them, says the Lord."

”Because Jeremiah's prophecy of an eternal Jewish people presents the church with a serious theological problem, the New Testament went to great lengths to undermine it.  In fact, the author of Hebrews deliberately changed the words of Jeremiah in order to reverse the prophet's original message. 

In Hebrews 8:9, while quoting Jeremiah 31:32, the author changed a most crucial word in the verse. The last clause of Jeremiah 31:32 reads, ”...My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them. Hebrews misquoted Jeremiah's words and instead wrote, ...disregarded them, says the Lord." 
The Hebrew word "ba'altee," means a "husband," not "to disregard."  This is a stunning alteration of the words of Jeremiah; to be a "husband" is the precise opposite of "disregarding" someone. 

How can the author of Hebrews change the word of God in order to demonstrate the superiority of Christianity over its older rival Judaism?  When New Testament authors wantonly tamper with the Jewish scriptures, do they not convey the very opposite message? Furthermore, in contrast to the message of Hebrews 8:13, the life-giving commandments of the Torah have no expiration date. Moses declared that these commandments are forever and ever” (Rabbi Tovia Singer).

Has God Divorced Israel?  What Is the Meaning of the New Covenant Promised in Jeremiah?


LISTEN FOR FREE: The Law of Moses and the New Covenant by Rabbi Tovia Singer


Jeremiah 31:32-33 "For this is the covenant that I will form with the house of Israel after those days, says the Lord: I will place My law in their midst and I will inscribe it upon their hearts, and I will be their God and they shall be My people. And no longer shall one teach his neighbor or [shall] one [teach] his brother, saying, "Know the Lord," for they shall all know Me from their smallest to their greatest, says the Lord, for I will forgive their iniquity and their sin I will no longer remember."

"It is highly ironic that this verse, which plainly states that God will renew His Covenant with the same House of Israel and of Judah with whom He originally made it, was distorted by the exponents of "replacement theology" to provide justification for their notion that the original Israel were displaced forever and that the original Covenant was somehow replaced with a "New Covenant" or "New Testament". However, it is perfectly clear from verse 32 that God's "New Covenant" with Israel is none other than the Torah that He gave to Moses. What is "new" about the Covenant is that whereas Israel "forgot" the Torah as a result of the sin of the golden calf (Hosea Ch. 13), in the future it will be written on their very hearts and, as it states in v 33, everyone from the smallest to the greatest will know God without having to be taught by others" Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum).

Jeremiah 31:34-36 "So said the Lord, Who gives the sun to illuminate by day, the laws of the moon and the stars to illuminate at night, Who stirs up the sea and its waves roar, the Lord of Hosts is His name.If these laws depart from before Me, says the Lord, so will the seed of Israel cease being a nation before Me for all time. So said the Lord: If the heavens above will be measured and the foundations of the earth below will be fathomed, I too will reject all the seed of Israel because of all they did, says the Lord." "Just as the laws of nature are fixed and unchangeable, so it is impossible that Israel could ever cease to be God's nation. This of course makes a complete mockery of "replacement theology" (Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum).

Tuesday 18 May / 5 Sivan is Eve of Shavuot: Read more:

Israeli Shavuot: Praying at the Wall, Learning, Dairy Food: Jewish men and women in Israel will join their brethren around the world to learn all night Tuesday, although in Israel the holiday is observed for only one day. Many will also be eating dairy foods and putting greenery in their homes and synagogues, all in the name of observing the Shavuot holiday.


"Did You not pour me like milk and curdle me like cheese?" Job 10:10

Audio: Shavuot and the Holy Temple: Bringing it All Back Home A7 Radio's "Temple Talk" with Temple Talk. In an especially inspirational Temple Talk, Yitzchak Reuven and Rabbi Richman get revved up for Shavuot, and talk about what it really means for each one of us to really receive the Torah anew on this special holiday... this means you!


Numbers 27:18,20 "The Lord said to Moses, "Take for yourself Joshua the son of Nun, a man of spirit, and you shall lay your hand upon him. You shall bestow some of your majesty upon him ( This refers to the radiance of the skin of his face (see Exod. 34:29) so that all the congregation of the children of Israel will take heed." Thus, we learn that the face of Moses was [radiant] like the sun, whereas the face of Joshua was like the moon. — [Sifrei Pinchas 23, b.b. 75a].

Deuteronomy 33:17 "His firstling bullock, majesty is his (Moses transferred some of his attribute of majesty to Joshua when he became leader); and his horns are the horns of the wild-ox; with them he shall gore the peoples all of them, even the ends of the earth; and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh." Numbers 23:22-23 "God who brought them forth out of Egypt is for them like the lofty horns of the wild-ox. For there is no enchantment with Jacob, neither is there any divination with Israel; now is it said of Jacob and of Israel: 'What hath God wrought!' (Zec. 6:12-13, Jer. 33:14-26, Gen. 37:3-10, 49:8-12,22-26, Deut. 33:7,13-17, Daniel 7:10).

This Wednesday, the first day of the holiday of Shavuot, marks the 250th anniversary of passing of Rabbi Israel Baal Shem Tov (1698-1760), founder of the chassidic movement. In 1760, like this year, the first day of Shavuot was on a Wednesday—the day of the week when G-d created the celestial orbs and instructed them (as explained in Genesis) to “illuminate the earth.”

Two and a half centuries have since passed, but the light the Baal Shem Tov introduced continues to illuminate the earth—brighter than ever before. His students and students’ students took their master’s teachings and passion, and used it to touch, illuminate and bring meaning to countless millions.

In honor of this special day, Chabad bring you a new section devoted to the teachings and legacy of the person who changed the conventional perspective on G-d, the Torah, the Jewish nation, and every one of G-d’s creations—and the essential unity within all these previously-thought-to-be disparate components.

This Shavuot, may we all merit to be touched and changed by the special light. Wishing you a meaningful holiday. May we merit to receive and internalize the Torah with true joy.


The 17th of May, we celebrated Norway's independence day, which is commonly known as Norway's Constitution Day. It was on this day in 1814 that Norway's constitution was signed which made Norway a free and independent nation. May we see soon see all Israel liberated from the yoke of the Christian and Muslim nations (Jeremiah 30:8, 2:13-24, Ezekiel 34:27, Daniel 12:1).

Isaiah 49:3,6 "And He said unto me: 'Thou art My servant, Israel, in whom I will be glorified.' Yea, He saith: 'It is too light a thing that thou shouldest be My servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob, and to restore the offspring of Israel; I will also give thee for a light of the nations, that My salvation may be unto the end of the earth.' See also Isaiah 42:1-8.