Awake, awake, stand up, O Jerusalem,
that hast drunk at the hand of the LORD the cup of His fury; thou hast drunken the beaker, even the cup of staggering, and drained it. These two things are befallen thee; who shall bemoan thee? desolation and destruction, and the famine and the sword; how shall I comfort thee?

Therefore hear now this, thou afflicted, and drunken, but not with wine; Thus saith thy Lord the LORD, and thy God that pleadeth the cause of His people: behold, I have taken out of thy hand the cup of staggering; the beaker, even the cup of My fury, thou shalt no more drink it again;

And I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; that have said to thy soul: 'Bow down, that we may go over'; and thou hast laid thy back as the ground, and as the street, to them that go over (Isaiah 51:17-23).
God promises that the poisonous cup of suffering will be taken from the hand of Israel and given instead to be drunk by those who oppress and humiliate her.

"In that day (of the Redemption) sing ye of her: 'A vineyard of foaming wine!' I the LORD do guard it, I water it every moment; lest Mine anger visit it, I guard it night and day" (Isaiah 27:2-3, 5:1-7, Deuteronomy 11:26-28,8-17, Jeremiah 31:4). Israel is God's vineyard, and despite being tended so carefully, a part of the vineyard produced bad grapes. "They have roused Me to jealousy with a no-god; they have provoked Me with their vanities;..  For their vine is of the vine of Sodom, and of the fields of Gomorrah; their grapes are grapes of gall, their clusters are bitter; Their wine is the venom of serpents, and the cruel poison of asps (Deuteronomy 32:21,32-33). In contrast, at the time of the future salvation of Israel it will produce the best wine!

"Fury is not in Me; would that I were as the briers and thorns in flame! I would with one step burn it altogether."  
The commentators are agreed that these verses (27:3-6) refer to God's unique protective providence over Israel during their exile and/or at the time of the redemption. God may punish them, but He does not give vent to all His fury. Rashi interprets these verses as God's appeal to Israel to repent in order to enable Him to answer the attribute of Justice, which objects that Israel also sin and should thus be treated no differently from the nations. If Israel will only repent, God will be able to exact retribution from "those who make war against Me – that is, ISHMAEL" without the attribute of Justice being able to protest (Rashi).

"Or else let him take hold of My strength, that he may make peace with/for Me; yea, let him make peace with/for Me" (Isaiah 27:5). God appeals to Israel to take hold of His Torah, which is His "strength", for this will assuage His anger and frustration at not being able to take vengeance on His enemies, and He will then have peace from the attribute of Justice, which will no longer be able to make accusations against Israel (Rashi).

Deuteronomy 30:1-10; the eventual repentance and redemption. After the fearsome warnings of what will befall the nation when it is disloyal to God, the Torah turns to the eventual benevolence that God will shower upon His people when they repent. Rambam notes that these promises have not been fulfilled as yet; they will come about in the Messianic Era. This passage is, in effect, a commandment to repent, but it is phrased not in the imperative form but in the ordinary future tense, because God wanted it to be an assurance to beleaguered Jews that sooner or later they will repent and be redeemed.

And it is written: "And the LORD thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, that persecuted thee. And thou shalt return and hearken to the voice of the LORD, and do all His commandments which I command thee this day"  (Deuteronomy 30:7-8).

As portrayed through the Songs of Songs, the Jewish nation is compared to a wife; G-d is our Husband. A Jew who strays from the path of G-d's Torah and clings to other attractions is as a woman who is untruthful to her commitment and commits fidelity to other men. "For you shall not prostrate yourself before another god, because the Lord, Whose Name is "Jealous One," is a jealous God" (Exodus 34:14, 20:1-7, Hosea Chs. 1-3).

Just as a suspected woman would undergo a test by drinking the cup of bitter water, to determine her status, by using the Name of G-d, so the Jewish people will likewise undergo a process of Judgment and evaluation, (Numbers 5:11-31, Exodus 15:25)... andso "shall all the nations drink constantly,.." (Obadiah 1:15-16).

Read more: The Ordeal of the Unfaithful Wife - Sotah By Tilia Klebenov

18 Tammuz in the Hebrew year 2448 (1312 BCE), the day after the making of the Golden Calf, Moses burned the Calf, crushed it into powder, mixed it with water, and had the Jewish people drink it. The next morning, those who had embraced the Calf were found dead, their bellies miraculously swollen from the water. See "Today in Jewish History:"

“Awake, awake, put on thy strength, O Zion,

put on thy beautiful garments (the Torah and the commandments), O Jerusalem, the holy city; for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean” (Isaiah 52:1).


"The 'uncircumcised' refers to the kingdom of Edom , who are uncircumcised, while the 'unclean' refers to the kingdom of Ishmael , who make an outward show of purity through washing their bodies, but who are really unclean because of their evil deeds (Isaiah 65:1-14, 66:17).


And these two kingdoms (4th kingdom, Daniel 2:31-35, 40-44, Ch. 7, Isaiah 25:6-9) have kept hold of Jerusalem from the day of the destruction of the Temple, and they have both been fighting over it for a long time now, each one conquering it from the other, but from the day of the redemption and thereafter they will never pass through it again, as it says in Joel 4:17," (RaDaK). Zec. 14:21.


“For God is judge; He putteth down one, and lifteth up another. For in the hand of the LORD there is a cup (of punishment), with foaming wine, full of mixture, and He poureth out of the same; surely the dregs thereof, all the wicked of the earth shall drain them, and drink them (Psalm 75:8-9, Zechariah 12:2-3, Obadiah 1:15-18).

"The real joys of this life are in the cup of rich love that Hashem holds in His Hand. What the wicked experience are but its dregs, for true happiness can only be found in Hashem’s Torah. The holy plan that is our destiny is where we will find completeness. Everything else will end in bitterness. Any one with open eyes can see this wondrous facet of Hashem’s love. People who wallowed in the rubbish bin of society, who ate and drank the dregs of all that is corrupt, have been able to return to Hashem. One need just turn his head heavenward, and Hashem will lift him from his despondency. (Rabbi Y. Reuven Rubin, Tehillim Chs. 75, 113).

"But as for me, I will declare (it, i.e., the story of God's vengenace) for ever, I will sing praises to the God of Jacob. All the horns (pride) of the wicked (rasha) also will I cut off; but the horns (pride) of the righteous (tzaddik) shall be lifted up (Psalm 75:10-11). Psalm 75 is a prayer for the ultimate Redemption, when God will bring about the collapse of evil, and the lasting elevation of Israel

In Isaiah 59:20 the prophet describes this final redemption- when the messiah will come to his people who have turned away from transgression. These stirring words set the stage for the extraordinary prophecies in the next chapter (60:1-22) where Isaiah holds up the picture of Israel, a righteous people, whose light will serve as a guide for all the surrounding gentile nations (Rabbi Tovia Singer).


“Violence (hamas) shall no more be heard in thy land, desolation nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise” (Isaiah 60:18). "In that day shall this song be sung in the land of Judah: We have a strong city; walls and bulwarks doth He appoint for salvation. Open ye the gates, that the righteous nation that keepeth faithfulness may enter in (Isaiah 26:1-2).

And aliens shall build up thy walls (
A very large part of the labor force in present-day Israel 's construction industry is foreign), and their kings shall minister unto thee; for in My wrath I smote thee, but in My favour have I had compassion on thee. Thy gates also shall be open continually, day and night, they shall not be shut (Flights arrive day and night at Israel 's "gates" – Tel Aviv day airport!); that men may bring unto thee the wealth of the nations, and their kings in procession (Isaiah 60:10-11).


”In righteousness shalt thou be established; be thou far from oppression, for thou shalt not fear, and from ruin, for it shall not come near thee” (Isaiah 54:14).  The simple pathway to redemption: is through righteousness (tzedakah, charity, Deut. 6:24-25, Isaiah 1:27, 32:17-18, 48:17-19): Keep away from oppression, and then you shall not fear…"

"For, behold, darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the peoples; but upon thee the LORD will arise, and His glory shall be seen upon thee. And nations shall walk at thy light, and kings at the brightness of thy rising" (Isaiah 60:2-3).

As we contemplate the wanton violence, warfare, terror and crime in the world today together with the licentious godless cultures that breed them, we may well feel that this verse applies directly to our age. We may take comfort in the fact that we are free to immerse ourselves in the study of God's Torah and in this way His light (Proverbs 6:23-24) shines to us even in the midst of the surrounding darkness that grips the world (See Exodus 10:21-23, Esther 8:14-17, Job 29:1-17. In every occasion of darkness and trouble that came to the world, the Jews had light).

"For thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel, unto me: Take this cup of the wine of fury at My hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it. And they shall drink, and reel to and fro, and be like madmen, because of the sword that I will send among them (See also Habakkuk 2:11-16). Then took I the cup of the LORD'S hand, and made all the nations to drink, unto whom the LORD had sent me:..

And thou shalt say unto them: Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel: Drink ye, and be drunken, and spew, and fall, and rise no more, because of the sword which I will send among you. And it shall be, if they refuse to take the cup at thy hand to drink, then shalt thou say unto them: Thus saith the LORD of hosts: Ye shall surely drink..." (Jer. 25:15-17,27-28).

Torah For Our Time:

"Wisdom hath builded her house, she hath hewn out her seven pillars; She hath prepared her meat, she hath mingled her wine; she hath also furnished her table. She hath sent forth her maidens, she calleth, upon the highest places of the city:

'Whoso is thoughtless, let him turn in hither'; as for him that lacketh understanding, she saith to him: 'Come, eat of my bread, and drink of the wine which I have mingled. Forsake all thoughtlessness, and live; and walk in the way of understanding" (Proverbs 9:1-6). Torah wisdom has also "built her house" and prepared a feast of "meat" and "wine" (Ezekiel 39:17-24, Isaiah 25:6-9) for those who have the good sense to go into her. Wisdom speaks to us in many ways, calling and appealing to us to heed her message.

'Can God prepare a table in the wilderness? Behold, He smote the rock, that waters gushed out, and streams overflowed; can He give bread also? or will He provide flesh for His people?' (Psalm 78:19-20).