God said to Moses our teacher, (Deuteronomy 18:18,15):
”I will set up a prophet for them from among their brothers like you, and I will put My words into his mouth, and he will speak to them all that I command him.”
A prophet from among you, from your brothers, like me, the Lord, your God will set up for you you shall hearken to him... ”
And Moses appointed Joshua to succeed him as leader of the Israelites. But Christians think
the prophet was Jesus and Muslims think it was Muhammed. See 'Easter Nuts'
Moses told the nation that just as he was one of them, so God would designate future prophets from among the people to bring them His word (Rashi). From your midst implies that prophecy would be limited to Eretz Israel (and even those, such as Ezekiel, who prophesied elsewhere, had begun to prophecy in the Land). From your brethren implies that God would let His spirit rest only upon members of Israel (Rambam).
And Joshua the son of Nun was full of the spirit of wisdom, because Moses had laid his hands upon him. And the children of Israel obeyed him, and they did as the Lord had commanded Moses.” (Deuteronomy 34:9).
The Mantle of Leadership:
Land may pass from father to son (or daughter) but leadership must pass not by inheritance (unless it is genuinely deserved) but from a true leader only to a true student. As we start to approach the end of the Torah, issues relating to the end of life (such as inheritance) are more to the fore. This is the case in our parshah "Pinchas" Numbers 25:10-30:1, where Moses is instructed to ascend the mountain to see the Land for which he so yearned, after which he was to die.
Characteristically, Moses' first thought at that moment was not for himself but for those he would be leaving behind.
"And Moses said to HaShem: Let HaShem, the G-d of the spirits of all flesh, appoint a man over the Assembly, who will go out before them and come in before them and who will bring them out and bring them in, and the Assembly of HaShem will not be like a flock that has no shepherd" (Numbers 27:15-17).
The appointment of Joshua as Moses' successor to lead the Children of Israel into the Land of Israel involves the mystery of SEMICHAH, the "laying on of hands" whereby the Master gives Torah authority to the Student. Joshua deserved this because of his assiduous devotion to Moses and his constant study of the Torah: "He had been Moses attendant from his youth" (Numbers 11:28) "and his attendant Joshua the son of Nun was a lad who would not move outside the tent".
[Rabbi Nachman of Breslov explains the mystery of SEMICHAH and how the "hand" signifies the transfer of wisdom in Likutey Moharan Part I, Discourse 61 #2.] http://www.azamra.org/parshah.shtml
”And it was after the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, that the Lord said to Joshua the son of Nun, Moses’ minister, saying:
Moses my servant has died; and now arise cross this Jordan, you and all this nation, to the land which I give the children of Israel.
Every place on which the soles of your feet will tread I have given to you, as I have spoken to Moses. This book of the Torah shall not leave your mouth; you shall meditate therein day and night, in order that you observe to do all that is written in it, for then will you succeed in all your ways and then will you prosper" (Joshua 1:1-2,7-8, Deut. 4:27-31, Ch. 30, Isaiah 59:20-21).
Even an acknowledged prophet is automatically proven false if he claims to have been sent by God advocate any form of idolatry (Rambam, Hil. Yesodei HaTorah 9:3), or if he claims that any precept of the Torah should be abrogated permanently (Sanhedrin 89a).
And the authors of the NT prove both themselves and Jesus to be false prophets: “He (Jesus) has abolished the law with its commandments and ordinances, (Eph 2:15, Col. 2:14-15, 20-22, Gal. 4:8-11, 2 Pe 2:21-22).
“In that He says, “A new covenant,” He has
made the first obsolete. Now what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready
to vanish away.” The author of the Book of Hebrews among others (Hebrews
7:18-22, 9:15, Luke 22:20, 2 Corinthians Ch. 3, 5:17, Philippians 3:2-9) pronounces
that the covenant God made with the Jewish people has expired.
The Jewish people no longer have to keep the commandments of the Torah. But in contrast to the message of Hebrews 8:6-13, the Commandments of the Torah have no expiration date.
LISTEN FOR FREE: The Law Of Moses & The New Covenant By Rabbi Tovia Singer
Has God Divorced Israel? What is the Meaning of the 'New Covenant' Promised in Jeremiah?
First of all, the Messiah must remain true to the Torah of Moses. “The Lord has sworn to David in truth, from which He will never turn back, “Of the fruit of your body I shall seat upon your throne. If your sons keep My covenant,.. also their sons will sit on your throne forever.” (Psalm 132:11-12, I Kings 2:1-4, 9:3-6, II Chr. 6:16, 7:17-22,
“Do not think that I came to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I did
not come to abolish but to fulfill/complete GAMAR.” (Matthew 5:17-18).
GAMAR; also means to teach/preach.
Paul, the apostle to the gentiles, teaches that belief in the
doctrine of faith in JC, established and confirmed the Torah (Romans
3:19-31). ”For in his sight no one alive will be considered righteous on
the ground of legalistic observance of Torah commands, because what
Torah really does is show people how sinful they are” (3:20) .
”Therefore, there is no longer any condemnation awaiting those who
are in union with the Messiah Yeshua. Why? Because the Torah of the
Spirit (The Gospel of the grace of Christ), which produces this life in
union with Messiah Yeshua, has set me free from the “Torah” of sin and
death…” (Romans 8:1-4).
But contrary to the teachings of the Church, the Torah confirms that
”it shall be righteousness unto us, if we observe to do all this
commandment before the LORD our God, as He hath commanded us’ (Deut.
6:24-25, Isaiah 32:17-18, 48:17-19).
The Torah presents seven laws for non-Jews to observe, named the
“Seven Laws of Noah.” Jews are responsible for fulfilling the 613
mitzvot in the Torah. And if all peoples kept these laws, then we would
indeed live in a very different world… Genesis 9:8-17 is the everlasting
covenant between God and all of humanity (see Isaiah 24:1-6).
And he must bring peace and harmony among the peoples (
Isaiah 2:4, Micah 4:3)
"Do not think that I (Jesus) came to bring peace on earth. I did not come to bring peace but a sword. For I have come to "set a man against his father, a daughter against her mother, and a daughter-in-law against her mother-in-law';..”
Matthew 10:34-35, Luke 12:49-53, 14:26).
He must gather in the exiles, build the Temple,
lead theentire worldto return to Godand serveHim together (Zep. 3:9, 2:11, Zec. 14:9, Deut. 6:4).
Doesn’t these verses indicate that Elijah will be more successful than Jesus in his mission of bringing peace to the world and harmony among the peoples?
”Lo, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Lord, that he may turn the heart of the fathers back through the children, and the heart of the children back through their fathers-lest I come and smite the earth with utter destruction” (
Malachi 3:23-24, Isaiah 24:1-6,17-23).
Elijah will draw people’s hearts back to God and His Torah before Judgment Day, to increase the number of people who will survive His judgment.
“The Torah, the Prophets and the Writings: The difference between them, is very simply this: Why do we have the
three lined up like this, and why is it in the order that it this?
In the Torah, we have the law; basically it is an instruction manual; how to live your lives, these are the laws.
Basically, the Prophets, if you read it, are punctuate and highlight
the problems, where everything goes wrong, that’s we find consistently
throughout in the Prophets. What mistakes you can possibly make. In fact
you will see this in the book of Joshua, Judges…
The Prophets, basically what they say is how you can fall away from a relationship with God, this is how you can mess up.
The Writings, therefore, the third part is, THIS IS HOW YOU GET BACK! Do you understand that structure? So, it is very simple.
Incidentally, the Church doesn’t like that. They don’t want the
Writings, they don’t want the Book of Psalms, they don’t want the Book
of Song of Songs, they don’t want the Proverbs, they don’t want the
words of Lamentations—THEY DON’T WANT THAT TO BE THE ANSWER, so what the
Church has; it has reversed it.
What Augustin did, he shove the Writings before most of the Prophets.
So that therefore, when you read a Christian Bible, what happens?
When you are reading a Christian Bible, the Christian Bible ends with
Malachi. Well, he is the last prophet, but that’s not the reason of the
The Church understands there is a problem but they don’t want the
solution, in the book of Psalms. They don’t want the solution to be the
book of Ecclesiastes, they don’t want the book of Proverbs to be the
solution. They want Christianity, the Book of Matthew to be the answer.
So they shove the Writings before the Prophets.”
The Writings: Psalms, Proverbs, Job, The Song of Songs, Ruth,
Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra-Nehemiah, Chronicles.
From: Explore Fascinating Prophetic Dimensions Hidden in the Book of Chronicles By Rabbi Tovia Singer:
Isaiah 26:14 "
The dead live not, the shades rise not; to that end hast Thou punished and destroyed them, and made all their memory to perish."
Rashi takes this as a prayer that the wicked (RASHA) should not live the life of the world to come and that the "shades" (REPHA-IM) – i.e. those who weakened (REEPOO) their hands from the Torah and refused to keep it should not arise.
Joshua was commander at the Israelites’ first battle after exiting Egypt, against the Amalekites in Rephidim (Exodus 17:8-16), in which they were victorious. In the words of Rabbi Eliyahu Kitov: "
The word “rephidim” can be seen as an acronym for “rafu yedeihem” – “their hands became weakened,” i.e., they stopped occupying themselves with the Torah. And Amalek came… (Ex. 17:8) … (and he tailed after you (striking) all the weak who fell behind (Deut. 25:18)." See "False Prophets."
When I think of "Evangelizing the Jews" I see Amalek at work.
"Who is most vulnerable? Jews who are poor,
lonely and know least about Judaism are the most susceptible to Christian missionaries. That's why college kids and the elderly are their prime targets. The Messianic movement’s fundamental approach seeks to blur the distinctions between Judaism and Christianity in order to lure Jews who would otherwise resist a straightforward Christian message. To the horror of the Jewish world, it is a tactic that has achieved remarkable success with the most vulnerable segments of our community -- the very young, the very old, and our Russian brethren."
Evangelizing the Jews by Rabbi Tovia Singer
New “Humanitarian” Missionary Center in Tel Aviv: Offering aid to the needy – and guidance towards baptism. Yad L’Achim states, “as the clearly stated goal of the organization is to bring as many Jews as possible to abandon their faith.’”
"By their desire to convert the Jew, they prove themselves to be the most anti-Semitic of all Christian groups, for the whole idea of conversion is anti-Semitic. Christian missionary love for the Jew is a kind of hatred. It loves the Jew, yet hates him for being what he is. It sees him as blind and in need of being changed into a believer. When missionary efforts failed, or are foiled, the love for the Jew quickly turns to hatred and contempt." (Shmuel Golding, Anti-Semitism in the New Testament). See Dogs & Swine.
Isaiah 26:19 "
Thy dead shall live, my dead bodies shall arise-"
Previously Isaiah prayed that the wicked should not live, but here he prays that the righteous should live" (Rashi). It is as if the prophet puts words into the mouth of HaShem to decree the resurrection of the dead martyrs. "-awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust--for Thy dew is as the dew of light, and the earth shall bring to life the shades (REPAH-IM)." The dew of Your Torah and Your commandments shall be to them dew of light. See Deut. Ch. 32.
Amalek Within by Rabbi Mordecai Finley:On a political level, when I think of Islamic extremist hatred of America and Israel, I see Amalek at work...
Amalek represents the leading force of evil (Num. 24:20), just as Israel is the leading force of good. Consequently, their struggle is the eternal struggle of good versus evil.
The first among the nations to make war with Israel was Amalek. “Joshua weakened Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.” (Exodus 17:13,16). He decapitated the Amalekites’ strongest warriors, and he left over only the weak among them, but he did not slay them all. ”And he (Moses) said, For there is a hand on the throne of the Eternal, that there shall be a war for the Lord against Amalek from generation to generation.
”The Lord said to Moses...
I will surely obliterate the remembrance of Amalek from beneath the heavens (Exodus 17:16,14).
And it is written “his end shall come to destruction” (Numbers 24:20).
Haman is a descendent of the Jewish nation's arch enemy, the people of Amalek. By making noise when Haman's name is mentioned during the Megillah reading, we are symbolically "erasing the name of Haman" and thereby blotting out the memory of Amalek.
An advisor to Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu
has compared Netanyahu’s attitude towards Iran to the traditional Jewish view of Amalek, the ultimate enemy which must be destroyed.
Thus Haman – from the seed of Amalek, who was Esau’s illegitimate grandson – attained power in Persia, and his descendants appear to have gained power in Iran today as well as over other groups that promote the killing of Jews (Hamas, Hezbullah, Islamic Jihad, etc).
"You shall remember what Amalek did to you on the way, when you went out of Egypt, how he happened upon on the way and cut off all the stragglers at your rear, when you were faint and weary, AND HE DID NOT FEAR GOD" (Deut. 25:17-18).
One option the Torah offers for ”wiping out the memory of Amalek”: is to teach them the Torah and the fear of God.
'Behold, the fear of the Lord is wisdom and shunning evil is (the path to attain) understanding" (Job 28:28). The hatred, violence, kidnapping and barbarism which the PA, Hamas, Hizbullah et al is associated with is the very opposite of the Chesed, i.e., expansive loving kindness that is the driving force of the religion of Abraham.
"Therefore, it will be, when the Lord your God grants you respite from all your enemies around you in the land which the Lord, your God, gives to you as an inheritance to possess, that you shall obliterate the remembrance of Amalek from beneath the heavens. You shall not forget!" (Deuteronomy 25:19). God also commanded king Saul to smite Amalek (1 Samuel 15:3), so that the name of Amalek never again should be mentioned.
Amalek’s descendants and ideological heirs have never ceased in their efforts to exterminate the Jewish people. What singled out Amalek was that his attack on the Jews in the desert (Exodus 17:8-17) was totally unprovoked, motivated purely by hatred for hatred’s sake. It is a war that will culminate when Moshiach comes.
What Makes Amalek Different? by Daniel Pinner
“Now if you say to yourself, “How will we know the word that the Lord
did not speak?” If the prophet speaks in the name of the Lord, and the
thing does not occur and does not come about, that is the thing the Lord
did not speak. The prophet has spoken it wantonly; you shall not be
afraid of him” (Deuteronomy 18:21-22).
If an acknowledged prophet says that a certain event will come to
pass, but which nevertheless doesn’t come to pass, then it is proven
that he is a false prophet and a deceiver.
There is a “prophecy” concerning the time which Jesus says he will
spend in the tomb: Matthew 12:38-40 ” At this some of the Torah-teachers
said, “Rabbi, we want to see a miraculous sign from you.”
He replied, “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a sign? No!
None will be given to it but the sign of the prophet Yonah. For just as
Yonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the sea-monster,
so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the depths of
How many days and how many nights was Jesus in the tomb? Matthew 28:1
”Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week BEGAN TO DAWN,
Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.” 3 days, 2
Mark 16:2 “Very EARLY IN THE MORNING, on the first day of the week,
they came to the tomb WHEN THE SUN HAD RISEN.” 3 days, 2 nights.
Luke 24:1 “Now on the first day of the week, very early in the
morning, they, and certain other women with them, came to the tomb
bringing the spices which they had prepared.” 3 days, 2 nights.
John 20:1 “Now the first day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the
tomb EARLY, WHILE IT WAS STILL DARK, and saw that the stone had been
taken away from the tomb.” 2 days, 2 nights.
Predictions which fails to materialize: The
Rapture Contra The Ingathering: The Rapture is the moment when
Christian believers think they will be taken up to heaven to be with the
Lord. “Then there will be two men in a field one will be taken and the
other left behind. There will be two women grinding flour at the mill
one will be taken and the other left behind” (Matthew 24:31,40-41, Luke
17:34-37). This has nothing to do with a Rapture, but has everything to
do with the Ingathering of the Lost Tribes to Israel.
This rewriting of Jeremiah 3:14-15 has had a remarkable impact on
Christians throughout the world, who unhesitatingly embraced and have
waited for the Rapture with a constant anticipation, that it would take
place in their lifetime (1 Thess. 4:16-17).
The false story of Matthew having Jesus returning (24:27-31) on the
clouds of heaven with power and great glory comes from a mixture of
scriptures from the Jewish Bible and is put together into a subtle story
which has no root in reality. (See Deut. 30:4-5, Isaiah 27:12-13,
Ezekiel 37:9 and Deut. 4:27-30.
Non Prophet: Christian missionaries contend that the Jewish people should accept Jesus as a true prophet.
light of the prophetic criteria given by God in Deuteronomy 18:22 we
discover that both Muhammad and Jesus fails this test. This means that
neither Muhammad or Jesus are true prophets or the prophet like Moses.