King David wrote in Psalm 45:14
about the essence of a princess: "Kol Kebudah Bath Melekh Penima." All the honor of a princess lies within.

While the outside world emphasises our external appearance, the Torah view is the opposite, and focuses on the internal. Drawing attention to our outside appearance sends a message that we consider our body to be superior to our soul. Our essence is "Penima", within, and our beauty is illuminated from within.

King David completes the verse with how a  Jewish woman,
a princess should be dressed:
Read more: "Daughters of the King, every one of us" by Rabbanith Ruth Menashe.

"Mishbesoth Zahab Lebushah" "her clothing is of wrought (beaten) gold." The attire of a Jewish woman, a daughter of a King must be regal, compared to the glorious clothing of the Priests.

I will greatly rejoice in the LORD, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for He hath clothed me with the garments of salvation,

He hath covered me with the robe of victory, as
a bridegroom putteth on a priestly diadem,
and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.

For as the earth bringeth forth her growth, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth;
so the Lord GOD will cause victory and glory to spring forth before all the nations. Isaiah 61:10-11, 60:21-22

A Hebrew - English Bible

I (Israel) am a rose of Sharon, a rose of the valleys. As a rose among the thorns (nations), so is My beloved (Israel)
among the daughters (nations). Song of Songs 2:1-2
Even though the nations seek to entice Israel to whore after their idols, she remains faithful to God and His Torah.

After many days the King looked into his plantation (the world) to know what had grown there. And He found it full of briars and thorns (sinners). Then He called mowers and woodmen, to cut down the whole plantation. And He looked in among the thorns and He saw one briar rose. He took it and smelled its perfume, and His soul rested in delight upon it. Then said the King:
"For the sake of this rose the whole plantation shall be spared."

Rambam writes that all of Creation would be worthwhile were it for the sake of a single tzaddik. At best, the truly righteous have never been more than a tiny minority of the human race (Deuteronomy Chs. 4, 30, 7:6-19).
Nevertheless, God created everything for the sake of those who would accept and observe His commandments and Torah. Thus, a lonely scholar in a forlorn corner may well be responsible for the survival of billions of people and  trillions of stars.

A solitary tzaddik cannot function alone. He needs the sun, the moon, and stars, he needs precipitation and vegetation, he depends on the services of other people to grow and deliver his food, maintain his city, etc.

And it is written: "But the wicked are all as thorns thrust away, for they cannot be taken in hand. But if a man touch them, he should be armed with iron and the staff of a spear; and with fire (Torah) they shall be utterly burned in their place" (II Samuel 23:6-7).

Though he is only an individual, his presence justifies the existence of all of Creation because God values quality and not quantity. Let an entire Universe exist only for his benefit, therefore, all so that he can carry out God’s will” (Rabbi Nosson Sherman).

For ye (Israel) shall go out with joy, and be led forth with peace; the mountains (nations) and the hills (kingdoms) shall break forth before you into singing, and all the trees of the field shall clap their hands. Instead of the thorn shall come up the cypress, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle; and it shall be to the LORD for a memorial, for an everlasting sign that shall not be cut off" (Isaiah 55:12-13). Meaning: "In place of the wicked, the righteous will rise up" (Rashi).

With embroidered garments, she (Israel) will be brought to the King (God), and virgins (nations) in her train who are her companions (friends of Israel) will be brought to You. Psalm 45:15, Micah 4:1-5, Isaiah 2:1-5, 66:20, Zec. 8:20-23, Jer. 16:19

Isaiah 52:1 "Awaken, awaken! Don your strength, O Zion; don your garments of splendor, O Jerusalem, the holy city,.." While Israel's oppressors were compared to a worn-out garment eaten by moths and worms (Isaiah 50:9, 51:8), the prophet now calls on Zion and Jerusalem to don their garments of glory - the Torah and the commandments.

"For henceforth the uncircumcised and the unclean shall no more come into you." "The 'uncircumcised' refers to the kingdom of Edom, who are uncircumcised, while the 'unclean' refers to the kingdom of Ishmael , who make an outward show of purity through washing their bodies, but who are really unclean because of their evil deeds (see Isaiah 1:28-31, 65:1-7, 66:17). And these two kingdoms have kept hold of Jerusalem from the day of the destruction of the Temple, and they have both been fighting over it for a long time now, each one conquering it from the other, but from the day of the redemption and thereafter they will never pass through it again, as it says in Joel 4:17" (RaDaK on v 1).

Say to your brethren, "Ammi," (My people) and to your sisters, "Ruhamah" (Shown love). Hosea 2:3

Meaning, "
the children of Judah & Benjamin=Jews, say of your brothers, The Ten Tribes, that they are My People just like you… and likewise say Shown-Love of the women of the Ten Tribes". Thus the Jews have a clear directive to reach out to the returning members of the Ten Tribes and help their brethren to "change their garments" and return to their Israelite roots.

Genesis 35:2-3 "Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him: 'Put away the strange gods that are among you, and purify yourselves, and change your garments; and let us arise, and go up to Beth-el;.." Jeremiah 31:5-13 "For there shall be a day, that the watchmen shall call upon the mount Ephraim: arise ye, and let us go up to Zion, unto the LORD our God.'

OUTREACH JUDAISM: Bringing Our Nation Back To The truth and Beauty Of The Jewish Faith.

Audio: Do Clothes Make the Man? Parsha Tetzaveh & The Priestly Garments : A7 Radio's "Torah Tidbits Audio" with Phil Chernofsky: "You shall make holy garments for your brother Aaron, for honor and glory. And you shall speak to all the wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, and they shall make Aaron's garments to sanctify him, [so] that he serve Me [as a kohen]. " Phil discusses Parsha Tetzaveh and the kohen's special clothing.

Tetzaveh: A Perfect Fit by Levi Chazen : Throughout history, we have seen nations and religions rising up and saying that G-d has abandoned the Jewish people and chosen them, just like King Achashverosh claimed. They try today to put the priestly garments upon themselves. Both the Christians, with their "New Testament", and the Muslims, with their falsehoods, claim that G-d has abandoned the Jewish people and chose them. They try to wear the garments, but no matter how they put them on - they do not fit.


As history plays itself out in our time, all are claiming the garments for themselves; all will turn against the Jewish people in order to claim the royal garments, but after the dust settles, all will see the Jewish High Priest arising from the Holy Temple in Jerusalem with the splendor of the holy garments upon him - a perfect fit.

Lecha Dodi : One of the themes of the hymn - preparing oneself to greet the Shabbat - is based on the Talmud’s account of how the Sages would welcome the Holy Day (Shabbat 119a): Rabbi Chanina would wrap himself in his cloak and say, “Come, let us go and greet the Shabbat Queen.” Rabbi Yannai would don his robe and say, “Enter O bride! Enter, O bride!” 

"To welcome the Sabbath, come let us go, For it is the source of blessing (for the following week); From the beginning, from antiquity she was honored, Last in deed, but first in thought."
The Shabbat was the final act in Creation, but primary in God's purpose. Whenever a great project is envisioned, a host of preparations must be made before the goal can be achieved. That there would be a day of holiness in Creation was uppermost in God's thought, but the entire universe had to be created first. See 'Bezalel'

"Come my Beloved to greet the bride-the Sabbath presence, let us welcome!"
"O Sanctuary of the King, royal City - (Jerusalem) - Arise, and depart from amid the upheavel, To long have you dwelled in the valley of weeping (the suffering and the woe of exile). He will shower compassion upon you." Jerusalem, too, grieves over the exile of her children. May she rejoice again in the Ingathering of Israel. 
"Come my Beloved to greet the bride-the Sabbath presence, let us welcome!"
"Shake of the dust - arise! Don your splendid clothes, My people,.."
The reference is to Isaiah 52:1-2 where the prophet likens Jerusalem to a woman wallowing in the dust. "Awaken, awaken, put on your strength, O Zion; put on the garments of your beauty, Jerusalem the Holy City, for no longer shall the uncircumcised (Esau-Edom-Rome) or the unclean (Ishmael) continue to enter you. Shake yourselves from the dust, arise, sit down, O Jerusalem; free yourself of the bands of your neck, O captive daughter of Zion."
He urges her to rise up, dress in her finery and resume her noble ways (Avodas Yisrael).

"For I have lit my candles, and made up my bed, AND CHANGED MY CLOTHES in honor of the holy Sabbath day..."
(Ribbon Kol Ha-Olamim-Master of All Worlds, a Song for Shabbat).

Do you "feel a breeze blowing from the Future World When All is Sabbath? Sabbath - Day of Eternity by Aryeh Kaplan.

THE KESUBAH - Marriage Contract between God and Israel: In many Sephardic communities it is customary, when the ark is opened and before the Torah is removed,  to publicly read a kesubah, which was written by R. Yisrael Najara.

The KESUBAH speaks of the love of God – THE GROOM – for His BRIDE – the people of Israel. He invites her to His palace, and assures her that for her He forsakes all others. He promises to betroth her unto eternity. The bride responds with affection and expresses her willingness to enter the chuppa (wedding canopy), in the words “we shall do and we shall hear.”


A firm bond is formed between the two at Sinai and the wedding is held on the sixth day of the month of Sivan. The stipulations of the kesubah are to be as eternally binding as the heavens endure. The Groom pledges to fulfil His obligation, and to bequeath an eternal inheritance upon His beloved. He presents the Torah as a gift to His bride, and summons heaven and earth to be witness thereto. The kesubah concludes with the prayer: “May the groom rejoice with the bride whom He took unto Himself for His portion. May the heart of the bride rejoice in the husband of her youth and may she say in praise of Him: “Happy is the people whose portion is this” ( The Book Of Our Heritage by Eliyahu Kitov).

Jeremiah 3:14 "Return, O backsliding children, saith the LORD; for I am a lord (ba'altee, husband) unto you, and I will take you one of a city, and two of a family, and I will bring you to Zion;.."

Isaiah 54:5-8,10 "For thy Maker is thy husband, the LORD of hosts is His name; and the Holy One of Israel is thy Redeemer, the God of the whole earth shall He be called. For the LORD hath called thee as a wife forsaken and grieved in spirit; and a wife of youth, can she be rejected? saith thy God. For a small moment have I forsaken thee; but with great compassion will I gather thee. In a little wrath I hid My face from thee for a moment; but with everlasting kindness will I have compassion on thee, saith the LORD thy Redeemer."

In these verses, God consoles Israel over the pains of their exile in the way that a husband conciliates the beloved wife of his youth following a brief display of anger, reassuring them that nothing will ever cause God's faithful love to depart from them or His covenant of peace to be removed.

"For the mountains may depart, and the hills be removed; but My kindness shall not depart from thee, neither shall My covenant of peace be removed (Leviticus 26:1-9, Ezekiel 34:23-31, 37:16-28), saith the LORD that hath compassion on thee."

Just before his death, Moses gave the people a chilling prophecy of the horrors that would befall them if they spurned God and the Torah (See Deuteronomy 28:15-68). For, on that condition God gave them the Torah, that if they keep it, they will be free from the kingdoms, that no nation or tongue shall rule over them (Zechariah 11:10-11).

“And it shall come to pass on that day, says the Lord, you shall call Me Ishi (my husband), and you shall no longer call Me Baali (my master). And I will remove the names of the baalim from her (Israel’s) mouth, and they shall no longer be mentioned by their name” (Hosea 2:18-19). Ishi and Baali both mean “my husband,” but with different connotations. Ishi, literally, “my man,” implies a relationship based on love but Baali, literally, “my master,” can also refer to a relationship based on fear of a superior (Rashi). And it is stated: Isaiah 2:18 “And the idols shall completely pass away.”

Hosea 2:21-22: God strikes a renewed, eternal covenant with Israel: “And I will make a covenant for them on that day with the beasts of the field and with the fowl of the sky and the creeping things of the earth, AND THE BOW, THE SWORD, AND WAR I WILL BREAK OFF THE EARTH, AND I WILL LET THEM LIE DOWN SAFELY” (Hosea 2:20).

“And he (Moshiach) shall judge between the nations and reprove many peoples, and they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks nation shall not lift the sword against nation, NEITHER SHALL THEY LEARN WAR ANYMORE” (
Isaiah 2:4, Michah 4:3).

“And I will betroth you to Me forever, and I will betroth you to Me with righteousness (TZEDAKAH) and with justice (MISHPAT) and with loving-kindness and with mercy. And I will betroth you to Me with faith (for, while in exile, you believed in the promises through My prophets. (from Mechilta 14: 31), and you shall know the Lord” (Hosea 2:21-22).

When men wind the leather RETZUA-strap of the arm TEFILIN as a "wedding ring" around the fingers and hand to form the letters SHIN-DALET-YUD, it is customary to recite these verses.

And it shall come to pass on that day, that I will answer, says the Lord: I will answer the heavens, and they shall answer the earth. And the earth shall answer the corn and the wine and the oil, and they shall answer Jezreel (The people of the exile who were scattered and then Ingathered). And I will sow her for Me in the land, and I will have compassion upon the unpitied one, and I will say to them that are not My people, "You are My people," and they shall say, "You are my God" (Hosea 2:23-25).

And just as one sows a small measure of seed and harvests a very great measure, so through God''s "sowing" the Children of Israel in their lands of exile, they will bring back very many converts!
(Pesachim 87b).

Genesis 18:18-19 "And Abraham will become a great and powerful nation (because of all the converts), and all the nations of the world will be blessed in him. For I have known him because he commands his sons and his household after him, that they should keep the way of the Lord to perform righteousness and justice (See Deut. 6:24-25, Isaiah 32:17-18, 48:17-19), in order that the Lord bring upon Abraham that which He spoke concerning him."

Isaiah 1:27-28 "Zion shall be redeemed through justice and her penitent through righteousness. And destruction shall come over rebels and sinners together, and those who forsake the Lord shall perish." Righteousness and charity thus brings about the Redemption of the Jewish people from Exile – and their ultimate return to Zion!

Isaiah 27:9 "Therefore, with this shall Jacob's iniquity be atoned for, and this is all the fruit of removing his sin; by making all the altar stones like crushed chalkstones; asherim and sun-images shall not rise." All that is required of Israel in order to merit their redemption is to destroy their idolatrous altars because if they repent of idolatry they will come to repent for all their other sins as well (RaDaK).

Netanyahu: Our Hand Grasps the Sword of David: Prime Minister invokes Israel's greatest warrior king as psychological warfare reaches peak level.

Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu invoked King David in a statement Tuesday evening – signaling that he is serious about ordering an intensification of the attack on the terrorists of Gaza.

"Our hand is outstretched in peace to those of our neighbors who want to make peace with us," Netanyahu said in a statement issued by his office, "and the other hand is firmly grasping the sword of David against those who wish to uproot us from this country" (INN, 11/20/2012).

The Sword of King David: "Who is this coming from Edom, with soiled garments,.. this one who was stately in His apparel, girded with the greatness of His strength?" (Isaiah 63:1).

"And He donned righteousness like a coat of mail, and a helmet of salvation is upon his head, and He donned garments of vengeance as his attire, and he was clad with zeal as a cloak" (Isaiah 59:17).

"And He made my mouth like a sharp sword,.." (Isaiah 49:2, 11:4, Hosea 6:5). Israel's primary goal is that the nations accept moral rebuke and mend their ways (Psalms 149).